Mountain Lions can be found in Orange County throughout the Santa Ana Mountain Range down to the foothills directly connected to them. Their numbers are in the decline here due to habitat loss, rodenticides, and collisions with vehicles.
Mountain lions are the apex predator on land in Orange County but their numbers are diminishing, they play an extremely vital role in the ecosystem by keeping deer populations in check. There are several reasons why mountain lion numbers are in the decline in Orange County including collisions with vehicles, rodenticide poisoning, and human altercations. These big cats often are confused with bobcats which are our second largest cat in the wild, mountain lions have long tails that reach the ground compared to bobcats which have stubby tails, bobcats can be found in many open areas even in between urban areas while mountain lions will only be in the hills on the outskirts of Orange County. These mountain lions face an uncertain future as they lack the DNA diversity since they are land locked and cannot interact with other mountain lions besides the ones already here.
Precautions you can take to help prevent mountain lion attacks when in mountain lion areas:
1. Never crouch, if you must do so to fix a bike or tie a shoelace, make sure someone else is with you that stays standing up and alert, mountain lions prefer to attack from behind on the neck.
2. Never run, you may make the lion assume you are running from it which will trigger its instinct to attack
3. Never use any kind of audio devices over or in your ears, always be alert of audible movement around you
4. If you encounter a mountain lion, stand your ground but do not approach or instigate any kind of threat that may cause the lion to defend itself, make yourself appear larger and talk loud and confidently while backing away slowly, do not turn your back to the lion.
These are some recommendations while enjoying the local outdoors, remember that they prefer not to have anything to do with humans but if we place ourselves in what's left of their environment, then we must educate ourselves. These are wild animals and are unpredictable.